The processes of evolution of the urban form in Mozambican cities and the procedures for the planning, design and management of urban settlements are little studied, researched and disseminated. After more than thirty years of national independence only in 2007 the relevant legislation supporting planning activity was approved. This framework and the uneven growth of human settlements, it is urgent to provide public decision-makers, scholars and those responsible for the process of territorial planning with appropriate instruments and information.
PEU is a guiding instrument for territorial development for the next 10 years, aiming at defining the planning actions to promote the sustainable exploration of the potential and economic vocation of the territory, creating conditions for the emergence and implementation of new economic activities, new population agglomerates, as well as the optimization of investments already made and/or to be made, with a view to safeguarding the current ecological interests as well as for the generation of benefits.
One of the main challenges faced by Sussundenga is the ability to plan the future urban development to accommodate the rapid demographic growth resulted from the migration from the countryside to the city. Additionally the introduction of a market economy accelerated the flow of rural populations to the city in the search for business opportunities and social services, such as health and education. These factors demanded the elaboration of a Urban Structure Plan that can strengthen the town of Sussundenga, orient its development and physical and socioeconomic growth, establishing conditions for the improvement of life of local communities, as well as promoting areas with basic infrastructures and ensuring economic benefits resulting from growing investments and increased productivity.